Industrial filters are equipment used in the separation of solids from fluids (both liquids and gases. They provide a medium that the fluid passes through leaving the solids in the filter. The residential and industrial areas are the primary users of industrial filters. Among the industries that carry out industrial filtration include food and beverage, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and others. Canada has set regulations in the manufacturing sector that seek to keep all the products free from contamination.
Types of Industrial Filters
Various types of filters play different roles in making the conditions safe in the workplace. They come in different shapes and sizes. The most common filters used include:
- Air Filters– they are one of the most common filters used in the factories, homes, construction sites, and hospitals. Industries use them in the filtration of the gases, odors, and air in companies. They allow clean air to pass while stopping dust particles and odors from penetrating.
- Panel filters– the shape and size of these filters depend on their application. Panel-shaped filters are common on the inside ventilations and other air conditioning units.
- Cartridge filters- they use the sifting method to separate the harmful impurities and solid materials from the fluid. The advanced models also remove the microscopic toxic elements on liquids.
- Hydraulic filters– the filter is used in purification of petroleum based products and oil. Some models also purify oil-based fluids. Oil contaminants can easily cause a breakdown of machines and that’s why the industrial filtration is necessary.
- Gas filters– used in the removal of contaminants in a liquid or dry gas stream. The companies employ a combination of gas filter separators, gas scrubbers, and coalescers in the industrial filtration of the gas.
- Multimedia filters– the filters remove sediments that are in the 10-micron range and below using multiple layers of anthracite, sand, and garnet.
- Bag filters– these are the most commonly used filters in the industrial filtration process. Manufacturers use them in the removal of large solid particles in ink, paint strainers, and coolants. Filtration involves running the liquid through the bag and the liquid passes through while the solids remain in the bag. The porosity in the bags varies depending on the item of filtration. Companies should change the bag filter frequently to avoid contamination and increase their efficiency.
Uses of Industrial Filters
• The industrial filters help in keeping the air safe and prevent the spread of germs or infections.
• The filter used in cleaning water makes it fit for human consumption.
• Industrial filtration in paints ensures that it is smooth while applied to vehicles and walls.
• Grease filters utilized in kitchens prevent the build up that would lead to fires.